Category: Semantics

New PDF release: Recent Advances in the Syntax and Semantics of Tense, Aspect

By Saussure, Louis de, Moeschler, Jacques, Louis De Saussure, Visit Amazon's Jacques Moeschler Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Jacques Moeschler, , Genoveva Puskas

ISBN-10: 3110195259

ISBN-13: 9783110195255

ISBN-10: 3110198762

ISBN-13: 9783110198768

It's a incontrovertible fact that annoying, element and modality jointly shape some of the most ordinary and energetic components of analysis in modern syntax and semantics, in addition to in different disciplines of linguistics. a good number of syntactic and semantic phenomena are involved by means of the temporal-aspectual-modal point of illustration: information regarding time, point and modality is a part of nearly all sentences; inflexion is sort of extensively regarded as the middle of syntactic projections. due to this very the most important scenario and function within the sentence constitution, temporal-aspectual and modal details matters almost any a part of the sentence and this data has scope over the complete characterization of the eventuality denoted by way of the sentence.

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Massimiliano Carrara, Alexandra Arapinis, Friederike's Unity and Plurality: Logic, Philosophy, and Linguistics PDF

By Massimiliano Carrara, Alexandra Arapinis, Friederike Moltmann

ISBN-10: 019871632X

ISBN-13: 9780198716327

Unity and Plurality provides novel methods of wondering plurality whereas casting new gentle at the interconnections one of the logical, philosophical, and linguistic points of plurals. the quantity brings jointly new paintings at the common sense and ontology of plurality and at the semantics of plurals in normal language. Plural reference, the view that sure plurals reminiscent of 'the scholars' discuss with a number of entities straight away (the person students), is an strategy favoured through logicians and philosophers, who take sentences with plurals ('the scholars gathered') to not be devoted to entities past contributors, entities equivalent to periods, sums, or units. against this, linguistic semantics has been ruled via a singularist method of plurals, taking the semantic worth of a distinct plural comparable to 'the scholars' to be a mereological sum or set. additionally, semantics has been ruled via a selected ontological view of plurality, that of extensional mereology. This quantity goals to construct a bridge among the 2 traditions and to teach the fruitfulness of nonstandard mereological methods. A crew of best specialists investigates new views that come up from plural common sense and non-standard mereology and discover novel functions to normal language phenomena.

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Download e-book for kindle: Realms of Meaning: An Introduction to Semantics by Thomas R. Hofmann

By Thomas R. Hofmann

ISBN-10: 0582028868

ISBN-13: 9780582028869

Offers an realizing of ways that means works in usual languages, opposed to a heritage of the way we converse with language. Examples are selected in general from English to supply fabric for the broader dialogue of the rules of the topic, yet ecu, East Asian and different languages additionally offer illuminating examples.

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Meaning in the media : discourse, controversy and debate by Alan Durant PDF

By Alan Durant

ISBN-10: 0521136407

ISBN-13: 9780521136402

ISBN-10: 0521199581

ISBN-13: 9780521199582

'Meaning within the Media' addresses the difficulty of ways we should always reply to competing claims approximately that means recommend in confrontations among humans or enterprises in hugely charged situations corresponding to sour public controversies and costly criminal disputes.

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Download e-book for kindle: Lexical-Semantic Relations: Theoretical and practical by Petra Storjohann

By Petra Storjohann

ISBN-10: 9027231389

ISBN-13: 9789027231383

ISBN-10: 902728816X

ISBN-13: 9789027288165

This selection of articles sketches the complexity of the topic of lexical-semantic family and addresses semantic, lexicographic and computational concerns on an array of which means relatives in numerous languages. It brings jointly a number of linguistic stories at the contextualised building of synonymy and antonymy in discourse. It exhibits that study on language and cognition demands empirical facts from diverse assets. This quantity demonstrates how the web, corpus facts, in addition to psycholinguistic equipment give a contribution profitably to achieve insights into the character of the paradigmatics in real language use. additionally, the amount is anxious with sensible and application-oriented examine on lexical databases, and it contains explorations of sense-related goods in dictionaries from either a text-technological and lexicographic point of view.

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New PDF release: Tense, attitudes, and scope

By T. Ogihara

ISBN-10: 0792338014

ISBN-13: 9780792338017

Stressful, Attitudes, and Scope is a model-theoretic inquiry into the semantics of stressful in usual language. The e-book offers the view that the semantic contribution of stressful is made in terms of structurally larger expressions (the `relative annoying theory') and argues opposed to the view that tenses are all indexicals. this concept is officially encoded as a de se research of attitudes, initially proposed by way of Lewis, coupled with a sequence-of-tense rule posited for English. An auxiliary concept is made to account for a few unparalleled instances (e.g. so-called double-access sentences), which invokes de re attitudes approximately temporal entities (states or intervals). due to the fact that the proposed account assumes that the translation of stressful is structure-dependent, it additionally safely predicts scope interactions among tenses and NPs. stressful, Attitudes, and Scope is meant for students and graduate scholars in formal semantics, syntax-semantics interface, philosophy of language and jap linguistics.

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Read e-book online The Semantic Variability of Absolute Constructions PDF

By Gregory T. Stump (auth.)

ISBN-10: 9027718954

ISBN-13: 9789027718952

ISBN-10: 9027718962

ISBN-13: 9789027718969

The objective of this booklet is to enquire the semantics of absolute buildings in English; particularly, my item is to explain the semantic variability of such structures. As has been largely famous in conventional grammatical experiences of English, loose adjuncts and absolute words manage to playa variety of particular logical roles within the sentences within which they seem; but, mockingly, they lack any overt indication in their logical connection to the clause which they alter. How, then, is the logical functionality of an absolute development decided? In trying to resolution this query, one needs to unavoidably deal with a few extra normal matters: Is the that means assigned to a linguistic expression unavoidably decided by way of linguistic principles, or can the grammar of a language sometimes easily underdetermine the translation of expressions? Are the truthconditions of a sentence ever delicate to the inferences of language clients? if this is the case, then is it attainable to take care of the validity of any fairly sizeable model of the Compositionality precept? those are, in fact, problems with nice inherent curiosity to a person excited by the formal syntax and semantics of normal language, with the philosophy of language, or with language processing. The descriptive framework assumed all through is the semantic conception built by means of Richard Montague (1970a, 1970b, 1973) and his fans. (For a truly thorough creation to Montague semantics, the reader may possibly consult with Dowty, Wall and Peters (1981 ).

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Tense-Aspect: Between Semantics and Pragmatics by Paul J. Hopper PDF

By Paul J. Hopper

ISBN-10: 9027228612

ISBN-13: 9789027228611

The verbal different types of demanding and point were studied routinely from the viewpoint in their connection with the timing and time-perspective of the speaker’s pronounced event. they're common different types either when it comes to the semantic-functional area they conceal in addition to by way of their syntactic and morphological consciousness. however, their remedy in modern linguistics is frequently limited and slim established, frequently concerning mere recapitulatoin of conventional semantic and morphotactic studies.
The current quantity arises out of a symposium held at UCLA in may perhaps 1979, within which a bunch of linguists collected to re-open the topic of tense-and-aspect from various views, together with — as well as the conventional semantics — additionally discourse-pragmatics, psycholinguistics, baby language, Creolization and diachronic swap. The languages mentioned during this quantity contain Russian, Turkish, English, Indonesian, Ameslan, Eskimo, numerous Creoles, Mandari, Hebrew, Bantu and others. The emphasis all through isn't just at the description of language-specific tense-aspect phenomenon, yet extra looking for common different types and ideas which underlie the cross-language number of stressful and element. particularly, the various members handle themselves to the connection among propositional-semantics and discourse-pragmatics, in as far as those sensible domain names have interaction inside tense-aspect structures.

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Metaphor: Implications and Applications - download pdf or read online

By Jeffery S. Mio, Albert N. Katz

ISBN-10: 080581650X

ISBN-13: 9780805816501

Learn on metaphor has been ruled by way of Aristotelian questions of tactics in metaphor realizing. even if this sector is critical, it leaves unasked Platonic questions of ways constructions of the brain have an effect on such techniques. additionally, there was really little paintings on how metaphors have an effect on human habit. even if there are various postdictive or speculative debts of the facility of metaphors to impact human habit particularly components, similar to medical or political arenas, empirical verification of those bills has been sparse. To fill this void, the editors have compiled this paintings devoted to empirical exam of ways metaphors have an effect on human habit and knowing. The ebook is split into 4 sections: metaphor and pragmatics, scientific makes use of of metaphor, metaphor and politics, and different functions of metaphor. Chapters contained inside those sections try and merge Aristotelian questions with Platonic ones.

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