By Carl G. Hempel
G TRADE-PAPERBACK. HEAVY UNDERLINING AND different MARKINGS p101-117; LITTLE IF ANY somewhere else.
Read Online or Download Aspects of Scientific Explanation and Other Essays in the Philosophy of Science PDF
Best history & philosophy books
Initially released in 1963. In an introductory bankruptcy the writer argues that philosophy should be greater than the paintings of clarifying concept and that it's going to main issue itself with outlining a scientifically believable international view. Early chapters take care of phenomenalism and the truth of theoretical entities, and with the relation among the actual and organic sciences.
Technogenarians investigates the older individual? s stories of health and wellbeing, sickness, technology, and know-how. It offers a better theoretical and empirical realizing of the biomedical facets of getting older our bodies, minds, and feelings, and the increase of gerontechnology industries and professions. a different scholarly research into elders as expertise clients Emphasizes the necessity to positioned getting older, technological know-how, and know-how within the heart of analyses of well-being and sickness Explores the increase of gerontechnology industries and professions deals a severe examine of the transformation of getting older our bodies, minds, and feelings into clinical difficulties short of clinical options Combines scholarly components - technological know-how and know-how reports and the Sociology of getting older, wellbeing and fitness, and ailment - to supply cutting edge scholarship
Trotz ihres sozialen und politischen Engagements wurden die Logischen Empiristen – allen voran die Mitglieder des Wiener Kreises – nicht f? r ihr Interesse an Ethik und Wertphilosophie bekannt. Ihnen wurde sogar vorgeworfen, Werte und ethical zu zerst? ren. Die Autorinnen und Autoren liefern in diesem Band eine l?
That the longstanding antagonism among technological know-how and faith is irreconcilable has been taken with no consideration. And within the wake of contemporary controversies over instructing clever layout and the ethics of stem-cell learn, the divide turns out as unbridgeable as ever. In technological know-how vs. faith, Elaine Howard Ecklund investigates this unexamined assumption within the first systematic examine of what scientists truly imagine and consider approximately faith.
- Georg Cantor : his mathematics and philosophy of the infinite
- Know This: Today’s Most Interesting and Important Scientific Ideas, Discoveries, and Developments
- Theory Change in Science: Strategies from Mendelian Genetics (Monographs on the History and Philosophy of Biology)
- Science Deified and Science Defied: The Historical Significance of Science in Western Culture
- The Exact Sciences in Antiquity
Additional resources for Aspects of Scientific Explanation and Other Essays in the Philosophy of Science
46 46. For these proofs, sec the article referred to in note 1. I should like to take this oppor tunity to point out and to remedy a certain defect of the definition of confirmation which was (contimud ooerUaf)  CONFIRMATION, INDUCTION, AND RATIONAL BELIEF Furthermore, the application of the above definition of confirmation is not restricted to hypotheses of universal conditional form (as Nicod’s criterion is, for example), nor to universal hypotheses in general; it applies, in fact, to any hypothesis which can be expressed by means o f property and relation terms of the observational vocabulary of the given language, individual names, the customary connective symbols for ‘not’, ‘and’, ‘or*, ‘if-then’, and any number ol universal and existential quantifiers.
In the above sketch of the structure of scientific prediction, we have disregarded the fact that in practically every case where a prediction is said to be obtained by means of a certain hypothesis or theory, a considerable body of auxiliary theories is used in addition. Thus, the prediction of observable effects of the deflection of light in the gravitational field of the sun on the basis of the general theory of relativity requires such auxiliary theories as mechanics and optics. But an explicit consideration of this fact would not affect our result that scientific predic tions, even when based on hypotheses or theories of universal form, still are not purely deductive in character, but involve quasi-inductive steps as well.
Thus, the satisfaction of the consequence condition entails that of our earlier equivalence condition, and the latter loses its status of an independent requirement. In view of the apparent obviousness of these conditions, it is interesting to note that the definition of confirmation in terms of successful prediction, while satisfying the equivalence condition, would violate the consequence condition. Consider, for example, the formulation of the prediction criterion given in the 38. As a consequence of this stipulation, a contradictory observation report, such as [Dlack(n), ^ Black(
Aspects of Scientific Explanation and Other Essays in the Philosophy of Science by Carl G. Hempel
Categories: History Philosophy