Download e-book for kindle: An Introduction to Science and Technology Studies by Sergio Sismondo

By Sergio Sismondo

ISBN-10: 1405187654

ISBN-13: 9781405187657

An creation to technology and know-how reviews, moment Edition displays the newest advances within the box whereas carrying on with to supply scholars with a street map to the complicated interdisciplinary terrain of technological know-how and expertise experiences.

  • Distinctive in its awareness to either the underlying philosophical and sociological features of technological know-how and technology
  • Explores center themes resembling realism and social development, discourse and rhetoric, objectivity, and the general public figuring out of science  
  • Includes a number of empirical reports and illustrative examples to explain the subjects discussed
  • Now contains new fabric on  political economies of clinical and technological wisdom, and democratizing technical decisions
  • Other beneficial properties of the recent variation contain superior clarity, up to date references, bankruptcy reorganization, and extra fabric on medication and technology

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Extra resources for An Introduction to Science and Technology Studies

Sample text

If the number of citations is a measure of influence then these figures suggest that a small number of publications are quite influential, and the vast majority make only a small contribution to future advances. 1 Do citations tell us about influence? A number of sociologists have attempted to use citation analysis as a tool to evaluate the importance of particular publications, among other things. But is citation analysis a useful tool for studying scientific communication (Edge 1979)? An assumption of citation analysis is that citations represent influence.

A disunified science requires communication, perhaps in trading zones or direct translation, or coordination, perhaps via boundary objects, so that its many fibers are in fact twisted around each other. Even while disunified, though, science hangs together and has some stability. How it does so remains an issue that merits investigation. Conclusion: Some Impacts The Structure of Scientific Revolutions had an immediate impact. The word “paradigm,” referring to a way things are done or seen, came into common usage largely because of Kuhn.

However, objects can form bridges across boundaries, if they can serve as a focus of attention in different social worlds, and are robust enough to maintain their identities in those different worlds. Standardized records were among the key boundary objects that held together these different social worlds. Records of the specimens had different meanings for the different groups of actors, but each group could contribute to and use those records. The practices of each group could continue intact, but the groups interacted via record keeping.

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An Introduction to Science and Technology Studies by Sergio Sismondo

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