By Ruth Sheppard
Probably the main recognized commander of the traditional global, Alexander the good, and his battles and victories, by no means stop to fascinate people with any curiosity in historic Greece. He was once elderly basically 20 whilst he grew to become king of Macedon, yet he had already began to teach the army genius that will win him destiny victories opposed to the strong Persian Empire.
In an epic crusade lasting eleven years, Alexander traveled millions of miles via deserts, plains and forests, fought large battles, and besieged many towns to turn into the grasp of an incredible empire stretching from Greece to India. He died in advance on the age of simply 33, and no guy might carry jointly the empire he had created. A god in his lifetime, his identify continues to be world-famous millennia after his death.
This ebook examines Alexander's campaigns intimately, and his victories - and the strategies that ensured them - are defined and defined with the aid of maps, illustrations and reconstructions to deliver the epic occupation of 1 of the traditional civilization's maximum generals to lifestyles.
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Additional resources for Alexander the Great at War: His Army - His Battles - His Enemies
Herodotus and Xenophon speak regularly of myriads and chiliarchies, units of 10,000 and 1,000, which the Persians themselves called baivaraba and hazaraba (sing. baivarabam and hazarabam). Each baivarabam had its baivarpatish (myriarch); and there was a hazarapatish (chiliarch) for every hazarabam, which in turn was subdivided into ten groups of 100 (sataba) , and these into ten units of ten (dathaba). These were, in reality, only nominal strengths, and thus we can explain, at least in part, the wildly exaggerated numbers of Persians in the Greek sources, especially in Herodotus' account of the Persian Wars.
This was exploited by the Hellenistic rulers who followed Alexander, and the sources note regiments of kardaka in Hellenistic armies in the 3rd century. The kardaka system inspired changes in the Greek and Macedonian practice of military settlements. Discharged soldiers were now settled on allotments in return for military service from themselves and their descendants, allowing the East to be Hellenicized. This reconstruction shows various rypes of infantry in the Persian army in 333. On the left is an archer, perhaps from an elite regiment since he has silver braiding on his tunic.
Under Philip the usual depth may have been ten ranks, as a file was called a dekas (meaning 'unit', originally of ten men). To be tactically successful, the Macedonian phalanx needed a rank and file that was tough, disciplined and well trained. These requirements certainly tie in with Philip's regime to toughen up his troops. In his Stratagemata, Polyaenus relates that Philip trained his men by forcing them to march 3°° stades (over 3° miles) in a single day, wearing their helmets and greaves and carrying their shields, sarissai and their daily provisions (Strat.
Alexander the Great at War: His Army - His Battles - His Enemies by Ruth Sheppard