By P. D. Evans
Insect body structure is at present present process a revolution with the elevated program of molecular organic thoughts to enquire the molecular mechanisms underlying the physiological responses to insect cells. Advances in Insect body structure has instituted a dedication to the booklet of top quality stories on molecular biology and molecular genetics in components the place they supply an elevated realizing of physiological approaches in bugs. quantity 25 comprises elevated assurance at the molecular biology of insect body structure.
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Extra resources for Advances in Insect Physiology, Vol. 25
Depolymerization of the microtubules by colchicine corresponded to the virus-mediated effects, and virus replication was shown to be unimpeded by colchicineinduced depolymerization. , 1992). Observations on the replication of AmEPV in LD-652 cells revealed similar cytoplasmic events as those observed in virus-infected E. , 1990). However, an absence of type I viroplasms was noted and this may be due to the fact that L. g. the larvae of this species are only susceptible by intrahaemocoelic inoculation), the normal host being A .
Aerial application of an EPV and NPV against the spruce budworm at Chapleau, Ontario (Cunningham and McPhee, 1973) indicated that the level of insect control was greater than that achieved by just applying the NPV. 4 Iridescent viruses The Iridoviridae are a group of large, icosahedral dsDNA viruses that replicate in the cytoplasmic compartment of infected cells (Vaughn, 1979). The viruses infect both vertebrates (amphibians and pleuronect fish) and invertebrates (insects, nematodes and crustaceans) (Kelly, 1985); this review will be confined to current advances made in our understanding of the insect-specific iridoviruses (IVs).
1965). Insect IV infections are characterized by a blue-green or lilac iridescence caused by the formation of crystalline arrays of virus particles in the host tissue (Smith, 1967). Historically, it is this opalesence that has been used as a diagnostic feature of IV infections (Tinsley and Kelly, 1970). In common with most insect viruses, IVs have been named according to the insect host of origin and the sequence of isolation, thus Tipulu IV type 1 (TIV) was the first IV to be discovered (Xeros, 1954; Smith, 1955), and to date about 32 different IVs have been isolated from insects in at least three different orders: Lepidoptera, Diptera and Cdeoptera (Kelly, 1985; Ward and Kalmakoff, 1991; ADVANCES IN INSECT VIROLOGY 39 TABLE 3 Classification of the Iridoviridae English vernacular name Small iridescent insect viruses Large iridescent insect viruses Frog viruses Taxonomic status (international name) Genus (Iridovirus) Genus (Chloriridovirus Genus (Ranavirus) Members (type species first) Chilo iridescent virus (CIV) Insect IVs 1, 2, 6, 9, 10, 16-32 Mosquito iridescent virus (MIV) Insect IVs 3-5, 7, 8, 11-15 Frog virus 3 Frog viruses 1.
Advances in Insect Physiology, Vol. 25 by P. D. Evans
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